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कंप्यूटर कीबोर्ड क्या है

कंप्यूटर कीबोर्ड क्या है

कीबोर्ड एक कंप्यूटर का एक इनपुट डिवाइस है. इनपुट डिवाइस इसीलिए कहते है क्युकी इसके ज़रिये हम टाइप करते है यानी हम कीबोर्ड को निर्देश देते है. इसका इस्तेमाल मुख्य रूप से कंप्यूटर पे कमांड्स और text डाटा को इंटर करने के लिए किया जाता है.

आज कीबोर्ड का प्रयोग देखेंगे तो सभी जगह पर होता है chahe Mobile ho ya Computer ya Laptop mein bhi aaj kal keyboard ka use hota hai.

Keyboard pe hum kuch bhi text kisi bhi languages pe type kar sakte hai aaj internet pe almost sabhi languages ke keyboard available hai. Jaise Hindi Likhne ke liye Hindi Keyboard ko Hum use karte hai.

Hindi keyboard for pc : Mobile pe Hindi ya kisi languages ko type karne ke liye aap google Input tool ka use kar sakte hai par computer pe type karne ke liye Hindi keyword zyada available nahi hai.
Google ne input tool ko PC users ke liye lunch kiya tha but kisi karan ye tool unhe band kar diya ab isss tool ka use aap apne mobile pe kar sakte hai. Kyuki ye tool mobile pe update hote rehte hai. Aur yeha hindi type karna hum sabke liye bahut easy ho jata hai.

Jaane Kya hai Google Put tool Ke baare mein padhne

Keyboard aaj computer ho ya Mobile iska bahut important cheez hai kyuki aaj humne kuch bhi type karne ke liye keyboard ka use karna padta hai. Waise mobile and ATM pe aapko screen touch keyboard milta hai jo ki ek Virtual keyboard hai.

Keyboard 2 Types ke Hote Hai


  • Hard Keyboard
  • Virtual keyboard


  • Hard Keyboard:- ye vo keyboard hai jiska use karne ke liye hame extra se keyboard apne device pe lagana padta hai. Market pe aap  variouty types ke keyboard mil jayega.


  • Virtual keyboard: ye vo keyboard hai jise hum apne mobile ya ATM machine ya apne PC pe bhi use kar sakte hai. 

Apne computer pe On-Screen computer ko open karne ke liye aap niche diye gaye steps ke zariye kar sakte hai


  • Step-1 Click On Start Menu
  • Step-2 All Program > Accessories > Ease of Access > On-Screen Keyboard




Iss process ke zariye aap kisi bhi windows operating system pe iss virtual keyboard ka use kar sakte hai.
Aab baat karte hai iske shortcut keys ke baare mein agar aapko Keyboard ke shortcut keys ke baare mein nahi pata hai to koi baat nahi hai hum apne iss article pe Best keyboard shortcut ko bhi apne users ke liye cover kiya hai Hope aapko pasand aayega.

keyboard shortcuts keys:


F1 Display Help
Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl + X Cut the selected item
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl + Z Undo an action
Ctrl + Y Redo an action
Delete (or Ctrl + D) Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Shift + Delete Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
F2 Rename the selected item
Ctrl + Right Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl + Left Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl + Down Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph

List of basic computer shortcut keys 2020:


Alt + F--File menu options in the current program.
Alt + E--Edits options in the current program.
F1--Universal help (for any sort of program).
Ctrl + A--Selects all text.
Ctrl + X--Cuts the selected item.
Ctrl + Del--Cut selected item.
Ctrl + C--Copy the selected item.
Ctrl + Ins-- Copy the selected item.
Ctrl + V--Paste the selected item.
Shift + Ins -- Paste the selected item.
Home -- Takes the user to the beginning of the current line.
Ctrl + Home--Go to the beginning of the document.
End -- Go to the end of the current line.
Ctrl + End -- Go to the end of a document.
Shift + Home -- Highlight from current position to beginning of the line.
Shift + End -- Highlight from current position to end of the line.
Ctrl + (Left arrow) -- Move one word to the left at a time.
Ctrl + (Right arrow) -- Move one word to the right at a time.
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Microsoft Windows shortcut keys list 2020


Alt + Tab -- Switch between open applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab -- Switch backward between open applications.
Alt + Print Screen -- Create screenshot for the current program.
Ctrl + Alt + Del -- Reboot/Windows task manager.
Ctrl + Esc -- Bring up the start menu.
Alt + Esc -- Switch between applications on the taskbar.
F2 -- Rename selected icon.
F3 -- Start find from the desktop.
F4 -- Open the drive selection when browsing.
F5 -- Refresh contents.
Alt + F4 -- Close current open program.
Ctrl + F4 -- Close window in program.
Ctrl + Plus Key-- Automatically adjust widths of all columns in Windows Explorer.
Alt + Enter -- Open properties window of selected icon or program.
Shift + F10 -- Simulate right-click on selected item.
Shift + Del -- Delete programs/files permanently.
Holding Shift During Boot up -- Boot safe mode or bypass system files.
Holding Shift During Boot up -- When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.
Word shortcut keys
Ctrl + A -- Select all contents of the page.
Ctrl + B -- Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + C -- Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X -- Cut selected text.
Ctrl + N -- Open new/blank document.
Ctrl + O -- Open options.
Ctrl + P -- Open the print window.
Ctrl + F -- Open find box.
Ctrl + I -- Italicise highlighted selection.
Ctrl + K -- Insert link.
Ctrl + U -- Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + V -- Paste.
Ctrl + Y -- Redo the last action performed.
Ctrl + Z -- Undo last action.
Ctrl + G -- Find and replace options.
Ctrl + H -- Find and replace options.
Ctrl + J -- Justify paragraph alignment.
Ctrl + L -- Align selected text or line to the left.
Ctrl + Q -- Align selected paragraph to the left.
Ctrl + E -- Align selected text or line to the center.
Ctrl + R -- Align selected text or line to the right.
Ctrl + M -- Indent the paragraph.
Ctrl + T -- Hanging indent.
Ctrl + D -- Font options.
Ctrl + Shift + F -- Change the font.
Ctrl + Shift + > -- Increase selected font +1.
Ctrl + ] -- Increase selected font +1.
Ctrl + [ -- Decrease selected font -1.
Ctrl + Shift + * -- View or hide non printing characters.
Ctrl + (Left arrow) -- Move one word to the left.
Ctrl + (Right arrow) -- Move one word to the right.
Ctrl + (Up arrow) -- Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Ctrl + (Down arrow) -- Move to the end of the paragraph.
Ctrl + Del -- Delete word to the right of the cursor.
Ctrl + Backspace -- Delete word to the left of the cursor.
Ctrl + End -- Move cursor to end of the document.
Ctrl + Home -- Move cursor to the beginning of the document.
Ctrl + Space -- Reset highlighted text to default font.
Ctrl + 1 -- Single-space lines.
Ctrl + 2 -- Double-space lines.
Ctrl + 5 -- 1.5-line spacing.
Ctrl + Alt + 1 Change text to heading 1.
Ctrl + Alt + 2 Change text to heading 2.
Ctrl + Alt + 3 Change text to heading 3.
F1 -- Open help.
Shift + F3 -- Change case of selected text.
Shift + Insert -- Paste.
F4 -- Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+).
F7 -- Spell check selected text and/or document.
Shift + F7 -- Activate the thesaurus.
F12 -- Save as.
Ctrl + S -- Save.
Shift + F12 -- Save.
Alt + Shift + D -- Insert the current date.
Alt + Shift + T -- Insert the current time.
Ctrl + W -- Close document.


Excel shortcut keys 2020


F2 -- Edit the selected cell.
F5 -- Go to a specific cell.
F7 -- Spell check selected text and/or document.
F11 -- Create chart
Ctrl + Shift + ; -- Enter the current time.
Ctrl + ; -- Enter the current date
Alt + Shift + F1 -- Insert new worksheet.
Shift + F3 -- Open the Excel formula window.
Shift + F5 -- Bring up the search box
Ctrl + A -- Select all contents of a worksheet.
Ctrl + B -- Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + I -- Italicize highlighted selection.
Ctrl + C -- Copy selected text.
Ctrl + V -- Paste
Ctrl + D -- Fill
Ctrl + K -- Insert link
Ctrl + F -- Open find and replace options.
Ctrl + G -- Open go-to options.
Ctrl + H -- Open find and replace options.
Ctrl + U -- Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + Y -- Underline selected text.
Ctrl + 5 -- Strikethrough highlighted selection.
Ctrl + O -- Open options.
Ctrl + N -- Open new document.
Ctrl + P -- Open print dialog box.
Ctrl + S -- Save.
Ctrl + Z -- Undo last action.
Ctrl + F9 -- Minimize current window.
Ctrl + F10 -- Maximize currently selected window.
Ctrl + F6 -- Switch between open workbooks/windows.
Ctrl + Page up & Page Down -- Move between Excel worksheets in the same document.
Ctrl + Tab -- Move between two or more open Excel files
Alt + = -- Create the formula to sum all of the above cells.
Ctrl + -- Insert the value of above cell into the current cell.
Ctrl + Shift + ! -- Format number in comma format.
Ctrl + Shift + $ -- Format number in currency format.
Ctrl + Shift + # -- Format number in date format.
Ctrl + Shift + % -- Format number in percentage format.
Ctrl + Shift + ^ -- Format number in scientific format.
Ctrl + Shift + @ -- Format number in time format.
Ctrl + (Right arrow) -- Move to next section of text.
Ctrl + Space -- Select entire column.
Shift + Space -- Select entire row.
Ctrl + W -- Close document.

Outlook shortcut keys 2020


Alt + S -- Send the email.
Ctrl + C -- Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X -- Cut selected text.
Ctrl + P -- Open print dialog box.
Ctrl + K -- Complete name/email typed in address bar.
Ctrl + B -- Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + I -- Italicize highlighted selection.
Ctrl + U -- Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + R -- Reply to an email.
Ctrl + F -- Forward an email.
Ctrl + N -- Create a new email.
Ctrl + Shift + A -- Create a new appointment to your calendar.
Ctrl + Shift + O -- Open the outbox.
Ctrl + Shift + I -- Open the inbox.
Ctrl + Shift + K -- Add a new task.
Ctrl + Shift + C -- Create a new contact.
Ctrl + Shift+ J -- Create a new journal entry.
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WINKEY shortcuts 2020 :

WINKEY + D -- Bring desktop to the top of other windows.
WINKEY + M -- Minimize all windows.
WINKEY + SHIFT + M -- Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D.
WINKEY + E -- Open Microsoft Explorer.
WINKEY + Tab -- Cycle through open programs on the taskbar.
WINKEY + F -- Display the Windows Search/Find feature.
WINKEY + CTRL + F -- Display the search for computers window.
WINKEY + F1 -- Display the Microsoft Windows help.
WINKEY + R -- Open the run window.
WINKEY + Pause /Break -- Open the system properties window.
WINKEY + U -- Open utility manager.
WINKEY + L -- Lock the computer (Windows XP & later).

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